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    Article Details
    Democracy, feudalism and its perspective
    Friday, October 24, 2008 (14:46 PST)

    Democracy may not be an ideal and perfect system, however in the existing systems it is considered to be the best one. Democracy is the only form of proven government that takes care of people’s will and generates prosperity for them. That is why that all the advanced countries has adopted it and in most of other countries too the people are in favour of it. In Pakistan, since its inception democracy has been the mantra and nearly all the political parties claim to be the harbingers of democracy. However in spite of its universal importance and recognized inevitability true democracy has never been evolved in Pakistan in true sense though many a times governments, officially and generally called and referred to as democratic, have been set up here by political parties with the will of people through elections. But these governments have not brought forth substantial economic justice. Social equality, cultural progress and religious harmony, which are essential aspects and ultimate objectives of true democracy along with political rights and freedom. Why true democracy could not have been emerged in Pakistan?


    Democracy may not be an ideal and perfect system, however in the existing systems it is considered to be the best one. Democracy is the only form of proven government that takes care of people’s will and generates prosperity for them. That is why that all the advanced countries has adopted it and in most of other countries too the people are in favour of it. In Pakistan, since its inception democracy has been the mantra and nearly all the political parties claim to be the harbingers of democracy. However in spite of its universal importance and recognized inevitability true democracy has never been evolved in Pakistan in true sense though many a times governments, officially and generally  called and referred to as democratic, have been set up here by political parties with the will of people through elections. But these governments have not brought forth substantial economic justice. Social equality, cultural progress and religious harmony, which are essential aspects and ultimate objectives of true democracy along with political rights and freedom. Why true democracy could not have been emerged in Pakistan?

    This has been a long debated topic. There are several other factors and reasons which have been identified in this regard, however Jagirdari culture is mostly and rightly considered to be the main factor and hurdle which is blocking the establishment of true democracy in Pakistan. Hence forth it is almost an agreed view of the intellectuals and political thinkers that till the influence of landed elites are not broken or substantially curtailed there is little hope of the emergence of genuine liberal democracy, under which the country can be truly put on the path of progress and prosperity how to break or curtail the power and influence of the feudal the best way often being recommended is drastic land reforms. None except the feudal minority and their cronies would disagree with it. However the question, either one can hope for it or not it in Pakistan, needs to be explored a bit.

    Since the inception of Pakistan abolishment of feudal culture through land reforms is being suggested as essential pre requisite for the establishment of true democracy in Pakistan by progressive intellectuals but of little avail till date. Of course during Ayub khan era and also by Bhutto government some land reforms were made however they were not on wide scale nor much radical so to break the power and influence of the feudal. Unfortunately most of the decision makers and rulers in Pakistan often come from feudal class who naturally oppose and resist any substantial land reforms as it may break their main source which sustain their political influence and help them to reach to the power corridors. So in such feudal elite dominated set up one can least hope of any meaningful land reforms through ordinary democratic process Abolishment of Jagirdari or at least drastic land reforms may have the following possible (though remote) ways in Pakistan if it ever have to take place.

    In the first place it is possible only through revolution (military or civil). This is presently having least probability in Pakistan, due to reasons, Second possibility can be that if some how miraculously or by sheer chance of luck some one emerge from the ruling feudal class of Pakistan who dare to strike the feudalism like the great Chou Win Lie, himself the biggest feudal of China or Indian Pundit Nehru, a landed aristocrat ,did in their respective countries by abolishing the feudalism with one stroke as soon as they took the reigns of government.or make drastic land reforms Third is to wait so that in the long run feudalism by itself loose its power through evolutionary process .However in that case a lot of water would have been flowed under the bridges and none can say with confidence what would have happened to Pakistan due to continuous lack of true democracy during that period.

    As the above possibilities are either based on mere chance and luck or possibility of remote future so many hopes can not be attached with it. Still another possibility, a comparatively more reasonable one, is the emergence of such new main stream political party which makes land reforms as its first priority.

    Such a party should have feasible revolutionary program sorted out in the context of objective condition of the people and the country and should be led by honest, capable, sincere, committed courageous and truly patriotic and FAQIR MINISH (not-materialist), persons. In particular its leadership should emerge through democratic process and must be from middle class as a party dominated and led by upper-class leadership can rarely bring change for the better Besides it the leadership should also be open minded.

    If a party with the above characteristics and features is emerged in near future and got the support of common masses then one can fairly hope for the abolishment of feudalism and thus for the establishment of true liberal democracy.

    Though several present political parties do concede that Feudal culture is the big hurdle in the way of genuine democracy and also pledge its abolishment in their manifesto however it seems to be just idealism or political rhetoric on their part as such parties are having many feudal in their ranks who could be never expected to support the abolishment of it (Feudalism).

    In short among the existing important political parties none can be said to have the characteristics stated above .So no hope can be attached with any of them for bringing any drastic change in the status quo. Yet one party can be exempted in this regard and may be likely to have the characteristics of the type required for the abolishment of feudalism and bringing other truly  substantial changes in the system .That party ,though less known yet, is in existence since 1998 with the name of Pak Jamhoor Party.

    A well known social and political writer and highly respected intellectual Masud Mufti is presently the convener of this party under whom supervision and guidance the party affairs are being managed and dealt by persons reputed for integrity, sincerity, commitments, honesty and principles. As the party is yet less known and needs to be introduced among the intellectual circles as well as common masses. Being seen, justly, as a ray a beam of hope in the present dark pessimistic political scenario one may wish and pray that some dynamic, charismatic and inspiring personals sincerely committed to the cause of party come forward and get it popular through out the country. If this party gain roots among the masses and it also keeps the objectives and principles it espouse for intake then the rapidly increasing pessimism about the emergence of true democracy can be converted into optimism .Otherwise hoping for the establishment of real democracy in the presence of the present political culture and set up would be wishful thinking.

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