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    National Alliance (NA)

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    Introduction


    Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (born 14 August 1931) is a Pakistani politician, and was Prime Minister of Pakistan.
    Jatoi was born in the Province of Sindh. He was the eldest of four brothers, and his father, Khan Bahadur Ghulam Rasul Khan Jatoi, was a member of the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1923, 1927 & 1931. At the time there were only 4 members representing the entire Province of Sind.
    Jatoi was educated at Karachi Grammar School and passed his senior Cambridge. In 1952, he went to England for his bar at law, but had to return home within one year due to his father's serious illness. He was elected to the first Provincial Assembly of West Pakistan in 1958, and was re-elected in 1965. He has also serves as Chairman District Board of Nawabshah District in 1952, holding the distinction of being the youngest District Board Chairman on the sub-continent.
    Jatoi joined Pakistan People's Party in March 1969. In 1970, he was elected to the National Assembly on PPP ticket. He held the Portfolios of Political Affairs, Ports and Shipping, Communications, Natural Resources, Railways & Telecommunications in the Federal Government headed by Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. In 1973, he was elected Chief Minister of the Sindh, and held this office till 1977. He has the disticion of being the longest serving Chief Minister of Sindh since the birth of Pakistan. He was re-elected in March 1977. After the imposition of Martial Law, Jatoi remained associated with the Movement for Restoration of Democracy (MRD). Twice he was arrested in 1983 and 1985.
    Later, he founded the National People's Party. A number of political heavyweights from all over the country were brought into the National People’s Party, launched under the chairmanship of Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. Among them were Ghulam Mustafa Khar, Haneef Ramay, SM Zafar, Hamid Raza Gilani, Malik Hamid Sarfraz, Ghaus Bux Raeesani, Kamal Azfar, Mian Sajid Pervaiz, Nafees Siddiqui, Rana Muhammad Haneef, Rabbani Khar and Aftab Shah Gilani. An attractive manifesto was prepared and the party was expected to shoot into prominence in no time due to the declining popuarity of the Peoples Party at the time.
    The NPP and the PML, then headed by Mr Junejo, along with 7 other political parties, contested the 1988 elections from the platform of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad. The PPP won the bout, though with a thin majority.
    In 1989, he was elected to the National Assembly in by-elections from Kot Addu. After joining Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI), Jatoi was elected leader of the combined opposition parties in the National Assembly in 1989.
    Mr. Jatoi was appointed Prime Minister after the dismissal of the Benazir government on corruption and incompetence charges by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan. In protest at the autocratic tendencies of the Nawaz Sharif, the then Prime Minister, Mr. Jatoi joined hands with the opposition lead by Benazir Bhutto in launching a movement against the Sharif government, resulting in its dismissal in 1993.
    The NPP contested the 1993 elections and later joined the Benazir Bhutto government as a coalition partner till the Governments dismissal in 1997 by the PPP President Farooq Leghari. In the 2002 general election, it was the dominant partner in a new group called the National Alliance which was Chaired by him. The National Alliance won 16 seats in the national Assembly, 16 seats in the Sindh Assembly and 3 Senate Seats.
    His two sons, Arif Mustafa Jatoi and Asif Mustafa Jatoi are also in politics, currently serving as Minister for Food and Agriculture in Sindh and as a Senator, respectively

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