Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA)

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Introduction

Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (Urdu: متحدہ مجلس عمل ) is an Islamic alliance between religious-political parties in Pakistan. In the Pakistani parliament, the MMA, is a coalition opposition, formed after Pakistan became a part of the "Global War on Terror". The coalition is united against the current government of President Pervez Musharraf because of his support for the United States' fight against what they consider to be global terrorism and allegedly putting the demands of the United States above the demands of his own people

History and Background

The MMA is the ruling party in NWFP province. It is comprised of several Islamic religious organisations:

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam or JUI Maulana Fazlur Rehman faction. The more hardline and traditional Deobandi stream of thinking - with popular appeal amongst clerics and the Pakhtuns and Balochis of NWFP and Balochistan

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam or JUI Maulana Samiul Haq faction

Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan or JUP. A traditional Barelvi political party, whoch is more moderate in its thinking and is popular with traditional and folk Muslims in Pakistani villages in Sindh and Punjab.

Jamaat-e-Islami is the largest and most organised is the protagonist of the coalition.

Tehrik-e-Islami the pro-Iran Shia group formerly known as the Tehrik-e-Nafaz-e-Fiqah-e-Jafaria TNFJ.

Other groups, such as the Ahl-e-hadeeth jamaats of Pakistan have at times been members of the coalition.

Current Status

On a final interesting note, aside of their severe criticism of the "War on Terror", ambigious attitude towards terrorism and opposition to President Musharraf, the MMA have not interfered in anti-terrorism operations, whether it is law enforcement or military or paramilitary action. The MMA has not supported the operations either